Jimmy Hoffa disappears 1975
On July 31, 1975, James Riddle Hoffa, one of the most influential American labor leaders of the 20th century, disappears in Detroit, Michigan, never to be heard from again. Though he is popularly believed to have been the victim of a Mafia hit, conclusive evidence was never found, and Hoffa’s death remains shrouded in mystery to this day.
Born in 1913 to a poor coal miner in Brazil, Indiana, Jimmy Hoffa proved a natural leader in his youth. At the age of 20, he helped organize a labor strike in Detroit, and remained an advocate for downtrodden workers for the rest of his life. Hoffa’s charisma and talents as a local organizer quickly got him noticed by the Teamsters and carried him upward through its ranks. Then a small but rapidly growing union, the Teamsters organized truckers across the country, and through the use of strikes, boycotts and some more powerful though less legal methods of protest, won contract demands on behalf of workers.
Hoffa became president of the Teamsters in 1957, when its former leader was imprisoned for bribery. As chief, Hoffa was lauded for his tireless work to expand the union, and for his unflagging devotion to even the organization’s least powerful members. His caring and approachability were captured in one of the more well-known quotes attributed to him: “You got a problem? Call me. Just pick up the phone.”
Hoffa’s dedication to the worker and his electrifying public speeches made him wildly popular, both among his fellow workers and the politicians and businessmen with whom he negotiated. Yet, for all the battles he fought and won on behalf of American drivers, he also had a dark side. In Hoffa’s time, many Teamster leaders partnered with the Mafia in racketeering, extortion and embezzlement. Hoffa himself had relationships with high-ranking mobsters, and was the target of several government investigations throughout the 1960s. In 1967, he was convicted of bribery and sentenced to 13 years in prison.
While in jail, Hoffa never ceded his office, and when Richard Nixon commuted his sentence in 1971, he was poised to make a comeback. Released on condition of not participating in union activities for 10 years, Hoffa was planning to fight the restriction in court when he disappeared on July 31, 1975, from the parking lot of a restaurant in Detroit, not far from where he got his start as a labor organizer. Several conspiracy theories have been floated about Hoffa’s disappearance and the location of his remains, but the truth remains unknown.
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- 1816 Union General George Thomas is born in Virginia
- 1953 Senator Robert A. Taft dies
- 1975 Jimmy Hoffa vanishes
- 1715 Hurricane sinks Spanish treasure ships
- 1556 Ignatius of Loyola dies
- 1945 Fugitive Vichy leader surrenders in Austria
- 1964 Ranger 7 photographs moon
- 1965 J.K. Rowling born
- 1703 Daniel Defoe is put in the pillory
- 1923 Ahmet Ertegun is born in Istanbul, Turkey
- 1937 Apache scout Martine dies
- 1875 Former President Andrew Johnson dies
- 1990 Nolan Ryan wins 300th game
- 1964 Agreement on conduct of war
- 1972 Hanoi claims that U.S. bombers have struck dikes
World War I
- 1917 Third Battle of Ypres begins in Flanders
World War II
- 1941 Goering orders Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution