Edgar Allan Poe is born 1809
On this day in 1809, poet, author and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts.
By the time he was three years old, both of Poe’s parents had died, leaving him in the care of his godfather, John Allan, a wealthy tobacco merchant. After attending school in England, Poe entered the University of Virginia (UVA) in 1826. After fighting with Allan over his heavy gambling debts, he was forced to leave UVA after only eight months. Poe then served two years in the U.S. Army and won an appointment to West Point. After another falling-out, Allan cut him off completely and he got himself dismissed from the academy for rules infractions.
Dark, handsome and brooding, Poe had published three works of poetry by that time, none of which had received much attention. In 1836, while working as an editor at the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond, Virginia, Poe married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm. He also completed his first full-length work of fiction, Arthur Gordon Pym, published in 1838. Poe lost his job at the Messenger due to his heavy drinking, and the couple moved to Philadelphia, where Poe worked as an editor at Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine and Graham’s Magazine. He became known for his direct and incisive criticism, as well as for dark horror stories like “The Fall of the House of Usher” and “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Also around this time, Poe began writing mystery stories, including “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” and “The Purloined Letter”–works that would earn him a reputation as the father of the modern detective story.
In 1844, the Poes moved to New York City. He scored a spectacular success the following year with his poem “The Raven.” While Poe was working to launch The Broadway Journal–which soon failed–his wife Virginia fell ill and died of tuberculosis in early 1847. His wife’s death drove Poe even deeper into alcoholism and drug abuse. After becoming involved with several women, Poe returned to Richmond in 1849 and got engaged to an old flame. Before the wedding, however, Poe died suddenly. Though circumstances are somewhat unclear, it appeared he began drinking at a party in Baltimore and disappeared, only to be found incoherent in a gutter three days later. Taken to the hospital, he died on October 7, 1849, at age 40.
(More Events on This Day in History)
- 1764 John Wilkes expelled from Parliament
- 2007 First McDonald’s drive-through opens in Beijing
- 1807 Robert E. Lee born
- 1862 Battle of Logan’s Crossroads
- 1950 Communist China recognizes North Vietnam
- 1999 Man charged in California cyberstalking case
- 1883 Fog leads to deadly collision in North Sea
- 1840 Wilkes claims portion of Antarctica for U.S.
- 1966 Indira Gandhi becomes Indian prime minister
- 1983 Butcher of Lyons arrested in Bolivia
- 1993 Production begins on Toy Story
- 1921 Patricia Highsmith is born
- 1993 Fleetwood Mac reunite to play “Don’t Stop” at Bill Clinton’s first Inaugural gala
- 1847 Mexican rebels kill Charles Bent
- 1977 Ford pardons Tokyo Rose
- 1974 Notre Dame beats UCLA to end 88-game winning streak
- 1961 Eisenhower cautions successor about Laos
- 1968 Operation McLain is launched
World War I
- 1915 First air raid on Britain
World War II
- 1941 British attack Italians in Africa