First Academy Awards ceremony 1929
On this day in 1929, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences hands out its first awards, at a dinner party for around 250 people held in the Blossom Room of the Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, California.
The brainchild of Louis B. Mayer, head of the powerful MGM film studio, the Academy was organized in May 1927 as a non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement and improvement of the film industry. Its first president and the host of the May 1929 ceremony was the actor Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. Unlike today, the winners of the first Oscars–as the coveted gold-plated statuettes later became known–were announced before the awards ceremony itself.
At the time of the first Oscar ceremony, sound had just been introduced into film. The Warner Bros. movie The Jazz Singer–one of the first “talkies”–was not allowed to compete for Best Picture because the Academy decided it was unfair to let movies with sound compete with silent films. The first official Best Picture winner (and the only silent film to win Best Picture) was Wings, directed by William Wellman. The most expensive movie of its time, with a budget of $2 million, the movie told the story of two World War I pilots who fall for the same woman. Another film, F.W. Murnau’s epic Sunrise, was considered a dual winner for the best film of the year. German actor Emil Jannings won the Best Actor honor for his roles in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh, while 22-year-old Janet Gaynor was the only female winner. After receiving three out of the five Best Actress nods, she won for all three roles, in Seventh Heaven, Street Angel and Sunrise.
A special honorary award was presented to Charlie Chaplin. Originally a nominee for Best Actor, Best Writer and Best Comedy Director for The Circus, Chaplin was removed from these categories so he could receive the special award, a change that some attributed to his unpopularity in Hollywood. It was the last Oscar the Hollywood maverick would receive until another honorary award in 1971.
The Academy officially began using the nickname Oscar for its awards in 1939; a popular but unconfirmed story about the source of the name holds that Academy executive director Margaret Herrick remarked that the statuette looked like her Uncle Oscar. Since 1942, the results of the secret ballot voting have been announced during the live-broadcast Academy Awardsceremony using the sealed-envelope system. The suspense–not to mention the red-carpet arrival of nominees and other stars wearing their most beautiful or outrageous evening wear–continues to draw international attention to the film industry’s biggest night of the year.
(More Events on This Day in History)
- 1777 Georgia Patriot Button Gwinnett receives fatal wound in duel
- 1956 GM dedicates new technical center
- 1863 Union wins the Battle of Champion Hill
- 1960 U.S.-Soviet summit meeting collapses
- 1975 A nurse steals another woman’s unborn baby
- 1849 New York City establishes hospital for cholera victims
- 1770 Louis marries Marie Antoinette
- 1943 Warsaw Ghetto uprising ends
- 1968 Protests mount in France
- 1975 Japanese woman scales Everest
- 1929 First Academy Awards ceremony
- 2014 Pioneering TV journalist Barbara Walters signs off
- 1717 Voltaire is imprisoned in the Bastille
- 1964 Mary Wells gives Motown Records its first #1 hit with “My Guy”
- 1881 Outlaw Dick Fellows is released
- 1868 Senate acquits Johnson of high crimes and misdemeanors
- 1980 Magic plays center as a rookie, wins championship
- 1965 Accident at Bien Hoa kills 27 U.S. servicemen
- 1968 Navy Corpsman receives Medal of Honor for action
- 1972 U.S. bombing destroys main fuel line
World War I
- 1918 U.S. Congress passes Sedition Act
World War II
- 1943 As Brits launch Operation Chastise, Germans launch Operation Gypsy Baron