Andropov writes to U.S. student 1983
On this day in 1983, the Soviet Union releases a letter that Russian leader Yuri Andropov wrote to Samantha Smith, an American fifth-grader from Manchester, Maine, inviting her to visit his country. Andropov’s letter came in response to a note Smith had sent him in December 1982, asking if the Soviets were planning to start a nuclear war. At the time, the United States and Soviet Union were Cold War enemies.
President Ronald Reagan, a passionate anti-communist, had dubbed the Soviet Union the “evil empire” and called for massive increases in U.S. defense spending to meet the perceived Soviet threat. In his public relations duel with Reagan, known as the “Great Communicator,” Andropov, who had succeeded longtime Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in 1982, assumed a folksy, almost grandfatherly approach that was incongruous with the negative image most Americans had of the Soviets.
Andropov’s letter said that Russian people wanted to “live in peace, to trade and cooperate with all our neighbors on the globe, no matter how close or far away they are, and, certainly, with such a great country as the United States of America.” In response to Smith’s question about whether the Soviet Union wished to prevent nuclear war, Andropov declared, “Yes, Samantha, we in the Soviet Union are endeavoring and doing everything so that there will be no war between our two countries, so that there will be no war at all on earth.” Andropov also complimented Smith, comparing her to the spunky character Becky Thatcher from “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain.
Smith, born June 29, 1972, accepted Andropov’s invitation and flew to the Soviet Union with her parents for a visit. Afterward, she became an international celebrity and peace ambassador, making speeches, writing a book and even landing a role on an American television series. In February 1984, Yuri Andropov died from kidney failure and was succeeded by Konstantin Chernenko. The following year, in August 1985, Samantha Smith died tragically in a plane crash at age 13.
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- 1983 Andropov writes to an American fifth-grader
- 1989 A father is exonerated after 21 years
- 1980 Air tragedy hits Canary Islands
- 1859 Ground broken for Suez Canal
- 1990 Space telescope in orbit
- 1995 Ginger Rogers dies
- 1719 Robinson Crusoe is published
- 1917 Ella Fitzgerald is born
- 1831 A play lionizing Davy Crockett opens
- 1947 Truman inaugurates White House bowling alley
- 1964 Maple Leafs win third Stanley Cup in a row
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- 1972 North Vietnamese Army close to cutting South Vietnam in two
World War I
- 1915 Allies begin invasion of Gallipoli
World War II
- 1945 Americans and Russians link up, cut Germany in two